Effective leadership is dependent on new ideas and necessary change. Links connects you to leadership articles and discussions that speak of vital evolution of individual and team performance at the workplace and the world.

At times, you may be inspired. At times, you may disagree.


Most Recent       Leadership    Performance      Heroes    Equity   Career   Articles    Past


Think Twice about getting knee surgery for Degenerative Arthritis

After this holiday weekend’s activity, if you or someone you know suffers from arthritic knees, you might want to check out this week’s link.

Jane Brody, a health writer at the New York Times, warns that if you don’t have an athletic injury, and if you do have severe arthritic knee pain, you may want to consider knee replacement instead of arthroscopy – the frequently prescribed and minimally invasive procedure on your joints.

More research has come out that questions the health outcomes following arthroscopy when compared to the positive outcomes a knee replacement can have, even though knee replacement is a tough surgery to get through!

It is also likely worth trying physical therapy before knee surgery if you keep up with the exercise over time. It may put off the surgery for years.

A study published in May confirmed that arthroscopy surgery for degenerative knee arthritis and meniscal tears resulted in no lasting pain relief or improved functionality.

One physician recommended the following for degenerative arthritis in the knee:

  • If overweight, lose weight
  • Reduce activities that aggravate the knee
  • Take Tylenol-type pain relievers as needed
  • Exercise as recommended by your doctor

Sometimes, being a leader in your life means keeping up on research and evaluation of current treatment traditions to examine if they are still justified as best practices.

Enjoy the day!



What I Wish I’d Known About My Knees

Jane E. Brody. July 3, 2017. New York Times.


Talk to Yourself! (Seriously.)

Talking out loud to yourself may not be as strange as others frequently judge it to be.  In fact, it’s a way of getting some distance from ourselves and reflecting.  Researchers claim that positive, motivational, and instructional self-talk can actually help achieve peak-performance.

Basketball players pass the ball faster when they motivate with spoken self-talk. And evidence shows that when you say “you can do it,” you are more prone to actually “do it.” Even unspoken self-talk can be effective.

While unspoken self-talk is easier to pull off if you’re around others, researchers are beginning to establish the idea that actually hearing words from yourself – out loud – might be more motivating.

But talking out loud at the grocery?  Someone might call the store manager!

So, will you start talking to yourself more often?

Enjoy the day!


SelfTalk picArticle:

The Benefits of Talking to Yourself. Kristin Wong. June 8, 2017. New York Times.

What Matters Most to Employees in 2017?

It’s a generally accepted maxim that, to keep employees, a company must learn what employees want.

A new article in Crain’s takes this a step further, and looks at different wants from employees across the age spectrum. Some “wants” that transcend employee age?

–    Recognition and Contribution

  • Wages that slowly rise
  • Benefits (health insurance, etc.)
  • Occasional meals on the company’s dime
  • A feeling of belonging in the workplace

According to Crain’s, If an employee feels and experiences these things, they tend to stick around. Crain’s adds that an employer should consider opening their door to their employees – literally and metaphorically. By simply walking around the office, engaging in conversation with subordinates, truly listening to employee concerns, and being accountable to their word, Crain’s argues that leaders can improve their overall company performance.

As millennials continue to enter the workforce en masse, we’re also seeing that some young employees don’t quite comprehend that every-day office tasks can occasionally be tedious, boring, or monotonous. Helping a young employee become aware of this universal job pain, ironically, can help them raise their performance.

What else works for you?

Enjoy the Day!


Creating a good workplace is not rocket surgery. Editorial. Crain’s Chicago Business, April 10, 2016

More Good News for Coffee Drinkers!

More Good News for Coffee Drinkers!


Athletes are often counseled to avoid coffee for up to a week before a sporting event to boost effects of a caffeine on the day of performance.


However, research by Bruno Gualano, a professor of physiology and nutrition at the University of Sao Paulo in Brazil, revealed that effects of coffee ingested an hour before a sporting event are similar whether athletes avoid caffeine for week before the event, or whether they never stop their caffeine intake the prior week.


Coffee drinking athletes can breathe a sigh of relief — it is O.K. to drink your daily cup an hour before your workout or event.

Enjoy your day!


Article:  Boost Your Workouts with Caffeine, Even if You Chug Coffee Daily, by Gretchen Reynolds, New York Times, June 6, 2017


Chimpanzees in the Wild Identify Medicines for Illness

In the 1980’s human researchers began to notice that chimpanzees in Africa practiced a form of basic empirical research that identified plants with the capability of treating parasitic and bacterial illnesses.

It appears that chimpanzees learn basic medicine from other members of their group and family. They also exhibit an amazing learning capacity to only eat bitter or bad-tasting plants with healing capabilities when there is a need to ingest them for health. Less developed life forms are more instinctual in their knowledge of medical treatment, but still practice some treatments.

What’s amazing is that animals at times appear to be more empirical than humans. Chimpanzees’ beliefs tend to be based on observations of treatment efficacy. They also practice a form of poly-pharmacy, that is ingesting multiple plants that have the same effect, which reduces antibiotic resistance. Humans, on the other hand, use single agents – a practice encouraging resistance. Humans also may embrace useless or even harmful healing practices for centuries at a time, while animals are more likely to reject useless treatments in favor of more effective ones.  Bloodletting and overseas “cures” for cancer, are all examples of past and current human practices that occasionally can harm or kill people, that may later be discovered to have no medicinal benefit.

This article is eye-opening and is quite humbling to realize we are not the only scientists on the planet.

What do you think?

Enjoy your day!


Article: The Self-Medicating Animal by Moises Velasquez-Manoff. New York Times Magazine. May 18, 2017

Full Life Menu

© 2016 Full Life LLC All Rights Reserved